Avatar for amix 1 марта 2004
amix сотрудник

Week 4: Lecture 6-7 (Due Tuesday, March 9 th , 12:00 midnight Moscow time)

Please answer only ONE of the following two questions:

  • Compare and contrast the cases of mediation in Bosnia and Kosovo in terms of the following issues: mediation strategy, mediation timing, and mediators leverage. In retrospect, what specific actions would you have implemented differently in the Kosovo case to make it successful? Be concrete in your answers.
  • In lecture 7, Professor Stedman concludes that, unless it has adequate resources at its disposal, the United Nations should not intervene in cases that are too hard to mediate. Do you agree or disagree with Stedman's claim? Why?/color

(src: http://idl.stanford.edu/104/assignments.html)

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Avatar for almadi спустя 7 дней (9 марта 2004)
almadi

in lecture 7, Professor Stedman concludes that, unless it has adequate resources at its disposal, the United Nations should not intervene in cases that are too hard to mediate. Do you agree or disagree with Stedman's claim? Why?

There is no need to underline the importance of financial and material resources especially in hard cases. The most difficult question is what can we do if we don’t have sufficient resources to resolve the problem. It is also an ethical question as far as it concerns the obligations of UN members in material field.

There are many opinions on the question of UN mediation in hard cases. But first of all we would like to mention that there’s a great part of sense in the suggestion of Mr. Stedman.

We should always remember that there are already two parts in the conflict who loose people’s life and it is no wonder that mediators should think twice before sending their own soldiers in the middle of the war especially if they are not confident in the success of the intervention.

If UN promoting a peace agreement gives some promises and then doesn’t oblige to its own commitments it demonstrates the weakness of its actions so that the lack of trust in UN missions appears and the belief in UN missions can be undermined. It can also lead to breakdown of peace regulation process.

As Mr. Stedman mentioned in his lecture on Rwanda the inability to gather the sufficient amount of peacekeeper’s forces and the lack of attention to the conflict caused the failure to stop the genocide.

On the other hand as we have already discussed in our first essay if the UNO is incapable to intervene in hard cases we can think about some state or regional organization, which as Mr. Damaskin and Mr. Holikov noticed in their article are really concerned only if their interests are damaged. When regional organization tries to settle up the problem the result is also not always the successful one. Moreover, as we have already marked in our previous essay, every single state has it own meaning of Just peace and the “ideal” Just peace turns out to be impossible. For example the NATO operation in Kosovo can not be considered as total success because even now troops have to stay there and clashes between Albanians and Serbs are not rare.

When there’s no one to intervene there is a threat of regionalization of war, economic and humanitarian crisis (in case of war conflict in geostrategic region: see essay week 2).

The situation could be considered as hopeless. However we can think of a compromise. UN could aim at a partial salvation of a problem. It can change it’s psychological posture and try just to ease tensions and contradictions between parties and not to achieve an overall peace. Mr. Stedman in his lecture gives us an example of Cambodia. When the UN intervention brought the improvement of the situation, although the war continued. It was considered as partial success. However in case of the lack of resources similar situation can be seen as a total success. The idea is to elaborate the strategy of mediation taking in consideration the disposable resources.

PS. Liza's got her PC broken. So there's a joint variant.

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Avatar for almadi менее чем спустя минуту (9 марта 2004)
almadi

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Avatar for almadi менее чем спустя минуту (9 марта 2004)
almadi

Don't forget about the TITLE

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Avatar for amix спустя 5 часов (10 марта 2004)
amix сотрудник

ooh.

i thought i should post it to the stanford idl forum, as always. but you've already dunnit. so now we've 2 essays - original and modified ones - in the related thread there. :[b]/b)

i hope, Vidal will cope with all this mess...

Inna... you've also told me that you were going to send me the draft, m i rite? i've been checking my mailbox until it dawned upon me that i should check the forum. :)
so.. well.. 'send' usually means e-mail or IMs, and 'post' means forums, newsgroups, etc. Anyway, sorry for missunderstanding you...

also, i mourn over untimely decease of Lizka's PC. (rhyme, btw)

p.s.: xcuze me but who had to care about the title? i know im asking dumb (even rhethorical:[b]/b) questions but...

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Avatar for almadi спустя 4 часа (10 марта 2004)
almadi

. . . . . . . . . .
lenta.ru - I've sent u more then 3 letters... and actually the draft was included....

amm.... after there was no responce I thought the «right» way was to post the assignment on Stanford's site...

really sorry I had to do this.... but u should also understand we were worried...

well... I hope Vidal covers all of them.... and the title.... I've made up one.. but i'm not sure ot's the best.... it's actually the one that came to my mind first.....

anyway it'll be a lesson to us..... we should do this job earlier then we usually do, eh? :)

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Avatar for almadi менее чем спустя минуту (10 марта 2004)
almadi

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Avatar for amix спустя 3 часа (10 марта 2004)
amix сотрудник

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Well... yes, i've received the letters. Now.

&@#$ !!

Sorry, I should have been online in ICQ :(

Or maybe we exchange the cellphone numbers. dunno.

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Avatar for almadi спустя 6 часов (10 марта 2004)
almadi

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

That's the point... before posting an assignment to stenford idl I sent an sms message to Liza asking your cell number... the idea came to me too late.... and i got no responce...
Since that time I have not seen Liza... do u know what has happened?
And actually i haven't seen u today - just wanted to say «i'm sorry» live :)

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Avatar for amix спустя 33 минуты (10 марта 2004)
amix сотрудник

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

i wanted to excuse too. )
but i've been late to the first lecture and... so on. ;[b]/b(

ok, i'll give u my cellphone number via icq; i don't think Liza has it (at least, i don't have her number), and of course i dunno what has happened 2'er... )

hope it's all ok

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Avatar for almadi спустя 3 дня (13 марта 2004)
almadi

[This essay is a modification of the other our essay for this week posted in this thread by Inna. Sorry for making a mess; one of the two essays can be simply deleted, I suppose]

DEAR STUDENTS,

BELOW IS YOUR COMMENTED ESSAY FOR THIS WEEK. REMEMBER THAT THE MID-TERM IS JUST FEW DAYS AWAY, SO THIS IS A GOOD TIME FOR YOU TO START PREPARING FOR IT. FEEL FREE TO E-MAIL ME WITH ANY QUESTIONS YOU HAVE ABOUT THIS ESSAY OR ABOUT THE COURSE.

CHEERS,

VIDAL.

Mediation With [with] Limited Resources

There is no need to emphasize the importance of financial and material resources required especially in hard cases. The most difficult question is what we can do if we don’t have sufficient resources to resolve the problem. It is also an ethical question as far as it concerns the obligations of UN members in material field.

There are many opinions on the question of UN mediation in hard cases. But first of all we would like to mention that Mr. Stedman’s [DON’T REFER AS “MR. STEDMAN”, USE ONLY “STEDMAN”, I’M SURE HE WON’T CARE!] suggestion is well-grounded and could be useful for conflict mediators while making decision to intervene

[THIS LAST SENTENCE CAN STILL BE IMPROVED. FOR INSTANCE, “In this paper, we argue that Stedman’s position on mediation is well grounded. In that sense, conflict mediators can gain from its implementation.” OR SOMETHING ALONG THESE LINES. THE POINT IS TO BE MORE CONCRETE]
[GOOD INTRODUCTION! THE FORMAT CAN STILL BE IMPROVED BY MERGING THE TWO FIRST PARAGRAPHS INTO ONE]

We should always remember that in a conflict there are already two parts who [THAT] lose lives and it is no wonder that mediators should think twice before sending their own soldiers in the middle of war especially if they are not confident in the success of the intervention.

If UN promoting a peace agreement makes promises and then does not keep them, it demonstrates its weakness so that the lack of trust in UN missions appears and the belief in UN missions can be undermined. It can also lead to breakdown of the peace regulation process.

As Mr. Stedman mentioned in his lecture on Rwanda, the inability of peacekeepers to gather the sufficient forces and the lack of attention to the conflict caused the failure to stop the genocide.

On the other hand, as we have already discussed in our first essay, if the UNO is incapable to intervene in hard cases we can think about some state or regional organizations which would be really concerned only if their interests are in danger (as Mr. Damaskin and Mr. Holikov noticed in their article). When a regional organization tries to settle up the problem the result is also not always successful. Moreover, as we have already marked in our previous essay, every single state has its own meaning of Just peace, and the “ideal” Just peace turns out to be impossible.

For example, the NATO operation in Kosovo cannot be considered as total success because even now troops have to stay there and clashes between Albanians and Serbs are not rare. Also, the genocide lasts, having only changed its target, and there still are Albanian refugees in neighbor countries. [OK, BUT THIS IS AN ABSOLUTE CLAIM, THAT IS, “THINGS DOESN’T SEEM TO BE WORKING OUT IN KOSOVO”; BUT, THE NEXT QUESTION YOU SHOULD ASK IS: NOT WORKING AS COMPARED WITH WHAT? A GOOD WAY TO FIND OUT IS COMPARING THE CURRENT SITUATION IN KOSOVO WITH THE UN NOT INTERVENING THERE] [ON THE FORMAT, YOU SHOULD HAVE KEPT THE PREVIOUS TWO PARAGRAPHS INTO ONE, REMEMBER: ONE PARAGRAPH=ONE IDEA. HERE YOU HAVE ONE IDEA IN TWO PARAGRAPHS. THIS IS ESPECIALLY TRUE IF YOUR SECOND PARAGRAPH BEGINS WITH “FOR EXAMPLE”, UNLESS YOUR EXAMPLE IS REALLY LONG AND/OR DETAILED AND DESERVES SPECIAL ATTENTION]

When there’s no one to intervene, there is a threat of regionalization of military, economic and humanitarian crisis. (See our essay week 2 about the case of war in a region with an important geostrategic position.) Such situation could be considered as hopeless.

However we can think of a compromise. UN could aim at a partial solution of a problem. It can change its psychological concept [WHAT DO YOU MEAN?] and try just to ease tensions and contradictions between parties and not to achieve an overall peace. In his lecture, Mr. Stedman gives us an example of Cambodia where the UN intervention brought the improvement of the situation, although the war continued. It was considered as partial success. However in case of lack of resources similar situation can be seen as a total success. The idea is to elaborate the strategy of mediation taking in consideration the disposable resources [THIS LAST SENTENCE IS EVIDENT FOR MOST OBSERVERS. MOREOVER, GIVEN THE SAME SET OF LIMITED RESOURCES, THERE ARE STILL MULTIPLE POLICY OPTIONS. YOU SHOULD THEN BE MORE EXPLICIT ON WHAT IS YOUR PREFERRED CHOICE]
[YOUR CONCLUSION IS TOO CONFUSING; I’M NOT SURE WHAT YOUR POINT IS HERE. TRY TO BE MORE CONCRETE.]

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:

  • YOU RAISE GOOD POINTS IN YOUR ESSAY AND GIVE A BALANCED VIEW OF THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF THE UN NOT INTERVENING IN HARD CASES WHEN RESOURCES ARE INSUFFICIENT. HOWEVER, YOU DON’T FULLY JUSTIFY WHY STEDMAN’S POSITION MIGHT BE BETTER, AS YOU STATED IN YOUR INTRODUCTION. TRY TO WORK MORE ON MAKING YOUR POINTS CLEARER FOR YOUR AUDIENCE.
  • THIS SITUATION IS REFLECTED IN YOUR CONCLUSIONS THAT ARE A BIT CONFUSING, IN THE SENSE THAT YOUR POINT IS NOT EASILY UNDERSTOOD.
  • TRY, WHEN RELEVANT, TO USE REFERENCES FROM THE CLASS READINGS TO SUPPORT YOUR POINTS. REMEMBER THAT SCHOLARSHIP IS A COLLECTIVE ENTERPRISE WHERE WE BUILD UPON OTHERS’ THOUGHTS.

GRADE: 80-90

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Avatar for almadi спустя 1 минуту (13 марта 2004)
almadi

. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . ..

I think we have to choose a theme we're going to write on :)
I hope not the second one... 'cause I have near to Nothing to say on that subject :(:(:(:(

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